Faculty Seminar in
Culture In Science/ Science In Culture: Disease, Health, and Society
Emory University, Fall 2000: Sponsored by the Program in Science & Society
Wednesday 11:30-1 pm in DUC 250
List serve: SCIENCESERVE2@LISTSERV.CC.EMORY.EDU
This seminar will build on a series of informal discussions catalyzed by short readings with the aim of exploring the connection between disease and culture. At the first session, we will get to know one another and then discuss some basic definitions and ideas about causation and disease. Building on that discussion, in the following week we will explore some of the claims of evolutionary biologists, particularly those of Paul Ewald, about the role of infection in idiopathic diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, and athrosclerosis. The third session will focus on the debate over cultural construction versus neurobiological causes of multiple personality disorder. Although we have a number of concrete ideas for other sessions, we hope that the issues raised in the initial three sessions, will stimulate seminar participants to suggest other intriguing topics.
Howard Kushner, Science & Society, Coordinator
Kathryn Amdur, History
Ron Boothe, Yerkes
Rosanna Cappellato, Environmenatal Studies
Arri Eisen, Biology
Doug Falls, Biology
Frances Foster, Women's Center, English
Nick Fotion, Philosophy
Robin Fivush, Psychology
Carol Hogue, Public Health
Jorge Juncos, Medicine (Neurology)
Corey Keyes, Sociology
Aaron Klink, SS Student, Theology
Gary Laderman, Religious Studies
Pat Marsteller, Biology
Gregg Orloff, Biology
Randy Packard, History
Cynthia Patton, ILA
Jonathan Prude, History
Jeff Reznick, International Center
Mark Risjord, Philosophy
Neal Smith, Anthropology
Sharon Strocchia, History
Kim Wallen, Psychology & Yerkes
Topics and Readings:
13 September: What is a Disease? What is a Cause?
20 September: Evolutionary Biology & Disease: The Role of Infection
Cochran, Ewald, and Cochran, "Infectious Causation of Disease: An Evolutionary Perspective," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 43 (2000): 406-448.
Judith Hooper, A New Germ Theory, Atlantic Monthly (February, 1999), 42-53
27 September: Multiple Personality Disorder/Dissociative Disorder: Organic Condition or Cultural Construction?
Michael Kenny, The Passion of Ansel Bourne: Multiple Personality in American Culture, Washington, D. C., Smithsonian Institution Press, 1986, pp. 1-61;
Ian Hacking, "Multiple Personality Disorder and its Hosts," History of Human Sciences, 5:2 (1992), 3-31.
4 October: Homosexuality: Evidence for an Organic Substrate
Simon Levay, "A difference in Hypothalamic Structure Between Heterosexual and Homosexual Men," Science, 235 (30 August 1991), 1034-1037
William Byrne & Bruce Parsons, "Human Sexual Orientation: The Biologic Theories, " Archives of General Psychiatry, 50 !993), 228-239.
R. C. Kirkpatrick, "The Evolution of Human Homosexual Behavior," Current Anthropologist, 41 (2000), 385-413.
11 October: Anorexia Nervosa: Psychogenic or Biological Condition?
C W. Bynum, "Food as Control of Self" Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987, 189-215.
R. J. Park, S. M. Lawrie, & C. P. Freeman, "Post-Viral Onset of Anorexia Nervosa" Br. J. Psychiat (1995) 166, 386-389.
Robert Poh, "Anorexia Nervosa: A New Organic Theory" Seminar Paper for Prof. Kim Wallen, Psychology, Emory University, 1999.
25 October: Spandrels and Memes: Evolutionary Biology & Culture"
Daniel C. Dennett, "Memes: Myths, Misunderstandings and Misgivings," paper presented at the University of North Carolina, October, 1998
S. J. Gould, "The Pleasures of Pluralism," NY Review June 26, 1997
S. Pinker; S.J. Gould Evolutionary Psychology: An Exchange, NY Review , Oct 7, 1997
Chris Colby. "An Introduction to Evolutionary Biology" (1997) http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/faq-intro-to-biology.html
1 November: Gender, Race, Class, and Causation
Nancy Krieger, "Epidemiology and the Web of Causation: Has Anyone Seen the Spider," Soc. Sci. Med., 39 (1994), 887-903
Carol J. Rowland Hogue "Gender, Race, and Class: From Epidemiologic Association to Etiologic Hypothesis" in Women & Health, Academic Press, 2000.
Sutter, Morley C. "Assigning Causation in Disease: Beyond Koch's Postulates, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 39 (summer, 1996), 581-592.
8 November: Gulf War Syndrome:
Gray, CG, Smith, TC, Kang, HK, Knoke, JD. "Are Gulf War Veterans Suffering War-related Illnesses? Federal and Civilian Hospitalizations Eamined, June, 1991- December, 1994" American Journal of Epidemiology 151 (2000), 63-71.
Sartin, JS. "Gulf War Illnesses: Causes and Controversies," Mayo Clinic Proc., 75 (2000), 811-819.
Editorial, "In the Borderland between Health and Disease Following the Gulf War," Mayo Clinic Proc., 75 (2000), 777-779.
15 November: Rhetoric and Healing
David Harley, "Rhetoric & Social Construction of Sickness & Healing" Social History of Medicine 12 (1999) 407-435.
Corey Lee M. Keyes and Shane J. Lopez, Toward a Science of Mental Health: Positive Directions in Diagnosis and Interventions, Chapter (In press) to appear in C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.). The Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
22 November, No Meeting, Thanksgiving
29 November: Summary Discussion